Environment

Despite covering only 0.03% of the world’s surface, 5% of the world’s biodiversity is concentrated in Costa Rica. Our commitment to the environment can be seen in our protected areas, since 25.5% of the country’s area is currently under some kind of state protection.

Protected areas contain volcanoes, hot springs, caves, high areas, islands, beaches, rainforests and dry forests, canyons, rivers, and waterfalls.

Our natural richness is explained by the geographic position of the country. Being located between the continental masses of North and South America has made the country an important bridge for countless flora and fauna.

The entity in charge of administrating all of the natural resources in the Ministry of the Environment and Energy (MINAE), which oversees the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC), which is responsible for the preservation of biodiversity in the country. There are currently 11 conservation areas throughout the country, as well as a Top-Level Department for technical support.